According to La Dang Bat, author of the book 7 relics , after many studies and excavations, Hoa Lu capital near Tam Coc Ninh Binh was confirmed to have 13 sections of artificial walls. The length of the artificial walls is about 2 km, the shortest wall is 65 m. These citadel walls were built from 8 to 10 m high, with some sections built entirely of brick-covered soil, with brick bundles at the base; There is a section built with bricks on the inside and dirt on the outside; There are sections that are filled with rocks mixed with soil and there are sections that are completely filled with soil. The citadel’s foundation is paved with wooden sections. Currently, traces of 13 city walls still remain.
The natural citadel walls are mountain ranges, with peaks up to 200 m high like Mong Mang mountain, making the walls of Hoa Lu capital unevenly high, undulating but majestic and majestic. Thanh Ngoai is about 140 hectares wide, located in Yen Thuong and Yen Thanh villages (Truong Yen commune). This is where the main palaces were built, in which the Dinh and Le temple areas are the midpoints, where Dinh Tien Hoang raised the country’s flag. The Inner Citadel is larger than the Outer Citadel, with an area of about 160 hectares, located in the Northwest, now in Chi Phong village (Truong Yen commune), where the families of mandarins and warehouse workers live.
Calling Inner and Outer citadels
Calling Inner and Outer citadels is called from the inside to the outside and does not mean main or secondary citadels. The Inner Citadel and the Outer Citadel are two separate areas but are next to each other and can be accessed easily thanks to a mountain pass called Quen Vong. Under the reign of King Le Dai Hanh, the king built many more palaces in the capital Hoa Lu near Tam Coc Ninh Binh, including palaces built with gold and silver-plated columns. After defeating the Tong invaders and the country was at peace, King Le Dai Hanh built many more splendid palaces, making Hoa Lu capital more and more complete. Among them, there are many palaces built with gold-plated and silver-plated columns and roofs covered with silver tiles.
The Complete History of Dai Viet book by Ngo Si Lien records
The Complete History of Dai Viet book by Ngo Si Lien records: “Giap Than in the 5th year (984): Built many palaces; built Bach Bao Thien Tue palace on Dai Van mountain, the electric poles were plated with gold and silver, used as a place to worship; On the East side is Phong Luu Palace, on the West side is Tu Hoa Palace; on the left is Bong Lai Palace, on the right is Cuc Lac Palace; then Dai Van Palace is built, then Truong Xuan Palace is built as the king’s sleeping place, next to Truong Palace. Xuan built Long Loc Palace, roofed with silver tiles. After King Le Long Dinh died, in early November 1009, Ly Cong Uan was established as king by monks and civil and martial arts officials in the court.
The Ly Dynasty was officially established from there, in the capital Hoa Lu near Tam Coc Ninh Binh. Thus, the capital Hoa Lu recorded the birth of a new dynasty. But also during this dynasty, when Dai Co Viet had developed, the capital Hoa Lu, although a majestic and dangerous military citadel, was narrow and only suitable for defensive positions. If you want the country to develop more and have an offensive position, the capital must be a spacious place, convenient for water and land transportation, geographical and economic center… Therefore, King Ly Cong Uan decided to move the capital from Hoa Lu to Dai La (Hanoi today). The move of the capital by Ly Cong Uan marked Hoa Lu becoming the ancient capital.
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