In 1966, with the help of German experts, the Vietnam Institute of Archeology cooperated with Cuc Phuong National Park to excavate this cave near Tam Coc Ninh Binh. Excavation shows that there is a very rich and diverse cultural layer here, including stream snails, mountain snails, bones and teeth of animals such as gibbons, monkeys, bears, wild boars, deer, etc. acquired labor tools such as stone axes, stone cutters and ash coals nearly 2m thick. It can be seen that the source of life of primitive people here is mainly hunting and gathering. They knew how to make basic living and working tools out of stone to survive. In addition, the survey team also discovered terracotta artifacts such as containers, pots and pans molded by hand and made with a turntable decorated with rope twisting patterns, indentations in the shape of a crescent moon.
The special thing here…
The special thing here is that this cave is not only a place of refuge but also a burial area of primitive people in Cuc Phuong National Park near Tam Coc Ninh Binh. The archaeological team has unearthed 3 ancient tombs buried in the lying position, squatting with fossilized human skeletons that are still quite intact. By analyzing radiocarbon C14, archaeologists have identified the skeleton about 7,500 years from where we are today.
The bodies of primitive people were buried around the embankment, the bottom was covered with crushed stone and the graves were sprinkled with ocher and most of these graves were placed near the fire. Perhaps the ancients had an idea of the afterlife, they buried with the dead some living tools and jewelry with mollusk shells. This is the first ancient tomb structure discovered in the relics of Hoa Binh culture and is also the first concept of primitive religious beliefs in Cuc Phuong National Park near Tam Coc Ninh Binh.
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