The Tay people make up a large number, are widely distributed throughout the country and live in most of the high mountain areas. They have a long cultural tradition, have their own script and have better economic conditions than other ethnic groups. The cultural features of the Tay people are not only expressed in village festivals, reciprocal singing, vi singing, then singing, but also in the culinary culture.
And five-color sticky rice is a typical product of Sapa cuisine. Five-color sticky rice is a traditional dish of the nation on Tet holidays, May 5, when there are precious guests… Coming to Sapa Vietnam, visitors will enjoy this special sticky rice dish. Called five-color sticky rice because different from other types of sticky rice, five-color sticky rice is made up of five types of sticky rice with five different colors. It is red, yellow, blue, purple and white. However, depending on the conditions of each region, they can mix or use different colors in addition to the above basic colors to create five-color sticky rice.
The five colors of sticky rice of Tay in Sapa Vietnam
The five colors of sticky rice of Tay in Sapa Vietnam represent the five elements with yellow being the color of earth, green being the color of wood, red being the color of fire, white being the color of metal, and black being the color of water. Ingredients for making five-color sticky rice include: sticky rice, fragrant and flexible, seeds are not mixed, mixed with forest leaves to dye. Red uses gac fruit, red rice leaves.
Green uses ginger leaves, green sticky rice leaves, or grapefruit peels, bitter bamboo shoots, burned and soaked in water with a little lime. Yellow use old turmeric to pound water. Purple uses black rice leaves, or leaves after… Before dyeing sticky rice, clean glutinous rice is soaked in cold water for 6-8 hours so that the rice grains have a moderate bloom. Divide the rice into 5 portions, each part corresponding to a color.
After dyeing, the final stage is sticky rice. This stage requires a lot of ingenuity to get the desired sticky rice dish. Rice soaked in the color that is easiest to fade is put in the first pot, followed by the rest of the colors, white on top. Must have a separate box for each color. Some places are displayed into 5-petal flowers, each petal has a color, there are places displayed in the shape of terraces, each step has a color, some places use wooden molds to make towers, many floors… The Tay people in Sapa Vietnam think: If sticky rice is in someone’s house. If you mix standard and beautiful colors, you are considered a skillful person, doing well.
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