Hoa Lu, the capital of two dynasties

Hoa Lu  near Tam Coc Ninh Binh became the capital of independent Vietnam after 1,000 years of Northern domination. It was the place to run

Hoa Lu  near Tam Coc Ninh Binh became the capital of independent Vietnam after 1,000 years of Northern domination. It was the place to run the country of two dynasties: Dinh Dynasty from 968 – 980 (12 years) and Tien Le Dynasty from 980 – 1009 (29 years). The Ly Dynasty only temporarily stayed here for a year from 1009 to 1010. Total 42 years. After finishing the rebellion of 12 armies, in 968, Dinh Bo Linh ascended the throne, taking the national title Dai Co Viet.

For the first time after 1,000 years of Northern domination, our country was unified and established an independent and self-reliant state, building a centralized monarchy (before that, the Khuc family only proclaimed the Tu Tu missionary and Ngo Quyen also only proclaimed the title of the monarchy). Vuong, not claiming to be Emperor). The king settled his capital in Hoa Lu, where there were many advantages for the defense and construction of the country, as well as his hometown and also the place where he started his business.

“Hoa Lu is a place where mountains overlap

“Hoa Lu is a place where mountains overlap. Mountains in rivers, rivers in mountains. Marine bases are very convenient. Behind is the forest, in front is the plain, far away is the sea… Here are magnificent mountains and rivers, harmonious feng shui, worthy of choosing the capital.” Dai Viet Su Ky Toan Thu, 1998 Ngo Si Lien wrote: “Mau Thin, 1st year (986) . The king ascended to the throne set the country as Dai Co Viet, moved the village capital to Hoa Lu cave near Tam Coc Ninh Binh, began to build a new capital, built a citadel, dug trenches, built a palace, and set up a royal court. We are called Dai Thang Minh Hoang De”, Kings of the Dinh and Le dynasties relied on the natural topography of the mountain to build sections of walls made of boulders or bricks with a height of 8-10 m connecting to form Hoa Lu citadel.

300 hectares wide, surrounding the capital, inside are palaces, barracks and deep moats. There are two rings. The outer wall is about 140 hectares wide, the vestiges were excavated by the Institute of Archeology with thousands of artifacts. Those are floor tiles decorated with sophisticated patterns with 48 x 78 cm dimensions on them bearing the words “Dai Viet Quoc Quan Thanh Chuyen” (Bricks built for Dai Viet citadel) and rim-covered pipe tiles. It also has the same area as the Outer Citadel. The traffic between the two cities is through the branches of the Hoang Long river.

In the Tien Le dynasty

In the Tien Le dynasty, Hoa Lu capital was consolidated and built many splendid palaces. Dai Viet Su Ky Toan Thu says: “Giap Than [Thien Phuc] in the 5th year (984). Spring of February minting Thien Phuc coins. Building many palaces and houses: building Bach Bao Thien Tue palace on Dai Van mountain, inlaid with gold and silver columns, as a place to watch adoration; The East is Phong Luu Palace, the West is Tu Hoa Palace, the left is Bong Lai Palace, the right is the Cac Lac Temple. Next is Dai Van floor, building the Truong Xuan Palace, as a place for the king to rest.

Next to Truong Xuan Palace, Long Loc Palace was built, roofed with silver tiles. It can be said that Hoa Lu capital is like a military citadel convenient for defense and active attack. Legend has it that on the Hoang Long river wharf in Hoa Lu citadel, Ly Cong Uan lowered Chieu to move the capital in 1010 to get on a boat to go to Dai La citadel to build a new capital, Thang Long. Today, Hoa Lu Ancient Capital near Tam Coc Ninh Binh and Trang An Tourist Area with Bai Dinh Pagoda – a major Buddhist center – have become cultural and tourist heritages of whole country.

​To learn more about Tam Coc Ninh Binh, please contact with nobletours.net!

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