On the last day of spring, rain falls on all roads in the North, not because of that, Trang An eco-tourism area loses its inherent glittering beauty, but on the contrary, spring rains create a mysterious beauty. the secret of the fairyland. The eco-tourism area is located in the Trang An World Heritage Complex associated with the historical and cultural values of the ancient capital of Hoa Lu near Tam Coc Ninh Binh.
In 968, Dinh Bo Linh unified the country, established the Dai Co Viet state, and established the capital in Hoa Lu. Hoa Lu citadel consists of 3 consecutive citadel: the East citadel, the West citadel and the South citadel. The Eastern citadel is located in the east, bordering the plain, where the palace is located, so it is called the outer citadel; The Western Citadel is located in the interior bordering the mountains, where the mandarins and the logistics area live, so it is called the inner citadel. The southern citadel was wider, a rugged high mountain area to defend and protect the citadel now known as Trang An.
With such topographical characteristics
With such topographical characteristics, Hoa Lu capital is likened to a stone capital with the following characteristics: mountains are cities, rivers are roads, caves are palaces. According to legend, King Dinh Tien Hoang wanted to affirm that Hoa Lu capital was as great as Trang An capital of the North near Tam Coc Ninh Binh, so he sent Nguyen Bac to express the couplet “Co Viet Quoc is currently Tong Khai Bao – Hoa Lu in Han Trang An urban area”. . In 1010, King Ly Thai To changed Hoa Lu to Trang An and Dai La to Thang Long.
The name Trang An is officially associated with the ancient capital of Hoa Lu. The discovery of the Trang An cave system in the ground gradually revealed the decision of King Dinh Tien Hoang to establish the capital at Hoa Lu in the early period of a centralized feudal state. It was also an important basis for the king to assert the independence and sovereignty of the nation based on the strength of the nation. This is shown by making full use of the advantages of nature, turning limestone mountains into sarcophagi to reduce human and property strength.
Trang An topography is the link between Hoa Lu and Thang Long,
Trang An topography is the link between Hoa Lu and Thang Long, making Vietnamese people have a recollection of historical events that took place in Hoa Lu citadel near Tam Coc Ninh Binh and the continuation in Thang Long citadel until Hanoi then. Scientists have discovered many relics from the 10th century. There is an area with many important ruins confirming that it is also the living place of the former powers in the 14th century, the Tran Dynasty was like a pot. pottery, antique dishes. These ruins are very similar to those found in the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long. Trang An was also the capital of the resistance war against the Nguyen Mong of the Tran dynasty. In addition, the beautiful architecture of the temples and pagodas of Trang An have contributed to creating the mystery and enchantment of this place.
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