As the state capital of Dai Co Viet for 42 years (968-1010) under the Dinh and Early Le dynasties, Hoa Lu became special because of its wall structure. Let’s find out what you may not know about the ancient capital of HoaLu below. About 90 km from Hanoi, HoaLu ancient capital near Tam Coc Ninh Binh is located on an area spanning about 300 hectares of Truong Yen commune. In 968, Dinh Bo Linh ascended the throne, proclaimed himself Dinh Tien Hoang, and named the country Dai Co Viet. Dinh Tien Hoang chose HoaLu as the capital. The book Dai Viet’s history records: “In the first year of the reign of Khai Bao (968) of King Trieu’s reign, Tong Thai To, the King proclaimed himself Emperor at Hoa Lu cave. Then he built the palace, arranged court ceremonies, arranged hundreds of mandarins, established communes, and proclaimed himself Dai Thang Minh Emperor.
The book Du Dia Chi by Nguyen Trai writes
The book Du Dia Chi by Nguyen Trai writes: “Dinh (also known as Dinh Tien Hoang) called the country Dai Co Viet, with the capital in Hoa Lu… Hoa Lu was formerly Dai Hoang, now Truong Yen palace”. Therefore, in the center of HoaLu there is a temple worshiping King Dinh Tien Hoang. In addition, the center of HoaLu ancient capital is also where the temple of King Le Dai Hanh (also known as Le Hoan) is located. In 980, after being proclaimed king by Queen Mother Duong Thi and a number of mandarins, Le Hoan ascended the throne, establishing the Early Le dynasty and still using Hoa Lu as the capital. King Le’s temple is located about 500 meters from King Dinh’s temple. Hoa Lu capital is located in Truong Yen commune today near Tam Coc Ninh Binh, surrounded by a series of arcing rocky mountains and majestic landscapes.
Book 7 Famous Ninh Binh Monuments and Scenic Spots records: “Hoa Lu capital is a solid military citadel made by nature and people. Different from other citadels built in our country, Hoa Lu citadel near Tam Coc Ninh Binh has many consisting of limestone mountains and artificial walls interwoven, interconnected, and undulating, creating a unique city that cannot be found anywhere else.” King Dinh Tien Hoang knew how to fully exploit nature to serve humans. This architectural style maximizes human and material savings. Just need to seal the cliffs, that is, add artificial walls to connect the mountain ranges together to have solid citadels. The length of the mountains that create the natural formation is about 8 km.
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