“Nhu Dang” ceremony of the H’mong people in Sapa

Sapa Vietnam to repay the merits of their parents' birth and upbringing. The "Nhu Dang" worshiping ceremony is often held by familie

“Nhu Dang” is a very important ritual in the funeral custom of the Mong people in Sapa Vietnam to repay the merits of their parents’ birth and upbringing. The “Nhu Dang” worshiping ceremony is often held by families at the end of the year, after the crop has been harvested, the family has free time and abundant economic conditions.

However, the ritual is not held regularly, but only when the family has a sick person or the homeowner dreams of the soul of the dead person coming back to ask for a “small” buffalo, the owner will ask a shaman in the village to see for help. If it is true that the parents come back to claim the buffalo, the family will hold the worshiping ceremony, so sometimes when the child dies without holding the “Nhu Dang” ceremony for the parents, the child will have to pay the debt in his life.

Worshiping ceremony is held on the day of the dragon,…

Worshiping ceremony is held on the day of the dragon, the day of the buffalo, abstain from the day that coincides with the death of parents, grandparents in the family… Near the day of the organization, the head of the family invites brothers and relatives. , friends, relatives of the village to attend the worshiping ceremony with their families, and at the same time invite the funeral directors who helped the family organize the worshiping ceremony. For the Hmong in Sapa Vietnam The worshiping ceremony takes place in two days with many different rituals such as: the ceremony to invite the soul of the dead to return home, the ceremony to hand over the buffalo to the dead in the yard and finally the ceremony to say goodbye to the soul of the dead for the last time.

To organize the worshiping ceremony,…

To organize the worshiping ceremony, the family asked the brothers to cut bamboo, borrow drums to hang in the house to call the souls of the dead. Each family has a different way of hanging drums, some families hang drums on half of the wall, some families hang them horizontally in the middle, and the way they hang drums in dry and fresh funerals is also different.

At the dry funeral, at the foot of the drum pole they take a broom, a knife, a shovel, a hammer, a crowbar tied to the foot of the drum pole and a pile of embers poured under it, symbolizing road leveling tools to bring the souls of the dead home. After hanging the drum, the daughter-in-law in the family will go to get two new dresses, wrap the scarf around the skirt to form a mannequin and then put it on a bamboo stand to make an altar with the symbolic meaning of The souls of the dead return home. Underneath, a wooden plank is used to place two “sin sheet” (yin yang) trees, a lamp and an egg split in half, and a cup as an altar to call the dead to eat.

For the Hmong in Sapa Vietnam,…

For the Hmong in Sapa Vietnam, brothers and relatives who come to the ceremony bring a bottle of wine, a bag of rice, a few bundles of paper money, a bunch of firewood or a few tens of thousands of thousands of dollars to pay tribute to the dead and help the family. Khen and drums blow all night to entertain the souls of the dead, and early the next morning, they perform a ceremony to bring the dead people’s souls out to the buffalo slaughter yard. The worshiping ceremony in the yard was held in a large, open field, the family asked someone to build a shack, on the roof of thatched grass, in the shack put a wooden plank as an altar.

At the same time,…

At the same time, set up a bamboo rack to hang two shirts representing the souls of the dead that dwell in them. Next to the shack, they use bamboo and grass to tie around to form a mannequin, like a human figure, on top of the effigy there are wooden knives with the meaning of guardians and protectors for the dead. In front of the shack they set up an empty hanging pole and a buffalo pole, next to the cooking stove. In three positions, there are empty hanging columns, the altar and the kitchen are built with a bamboo tree, hanging a wooden bird with the meaning to guard and protect the group from other ghosts coming to disturb…

For the Hmong in Sapa Vietnam, whether the family is rich or poor, this ritual cannot be ignored, because it is very important to the family, not only in terms of morality and society but also with strong religious elements. spirituality, expressing gratitude between the living and the decease.

To learn more about Sapa Vietnam, please contact with Nobletours.net./.

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