The first capital of the feudal centralized state of Vietnam

Today, vestiges of Hoa Lu Ancient Capital are located in Truong Yen commune, Hoa Lu district near Tam Coc Ninh Binh.

Hoa Lu was chosen as the first capital of the centralized feudal state when Dinh Bo Linh was crowned Emperor in 968… Today, vestiges of Hoa Lu Ancient Capital are located in Truong Yen commune, Hoa Lu district near Tam Coc Ninh Binh. 100km south of Hanoi capital. Although it was only chosen as the capital of Dai Co Viet for a short time (42 years), there were many events related to the destiny of the whole nation, such as associated with the cause of the three dynasties. In a row, there are Dinh, Tien Le and Ly dynasties with historical imprints: reunification of Giang Son, defeat of Tong and Chiem and the discovery of the process of establishing Hanoi capital.

With the mountainous terrain surrounding the capital belt like a solid screen,…

With the mountainous terrain surrounding the capital belt like a solid screen, along with the meandering Hoang Long stream and the fields of Nho Quan and Gia Vien with deep moats, Hoa Lu is a land of high value in terms of land. military side. It was in this land, in 968, that Dinh Bo Linh defeated 12 warlords, ascended the throne, established the mighty Dai Co Viet, and Hoa Lu became the political center and the first imperial capital. of our country.

By the time of King Ly Thai To, the king made the decision to move the historical city, and Thang Long Imperial Citadel was the place of choice when he realized that Hoa Lu capital near Tam Coc Ninh Binh was narrow, difficult to expand the city and not suitable for the city. country’s position at that time. It was this historic decision that ended the days when Hoa Lu was the ancient capital of our country. Although later the kings did not live here anymore, but Hoa Lu Ancient Capital continued to be built with solid architectural works with temples, pagodas, temples and preserved to this day.

According to history books, the ancient capital of Hoa Lu…

According to history books, the ancient capital of Hoa Lu and a couple of couplets at the temple of King Dinh found that: Ancient Hoa Lu was a magnificent palace, as magnificent as Truong An Citadel “Co Viet Quoc Duong Tong Khai Bao-Hoa Lu Do Thi Han Truong An “…if you look at geography, you will understand why when he ascended the throne, King Dinh Tien Hoang chose HoaLu near Tam Coc Ninh Binh as the capital because of the overlapping mountains and hills surrounding the capital ring like a screen ;

The meandering Hoang Long River and the vast Nho Quan and Gia Vien fields are natural deep moats that are very convenient in terms of military. The ancient capital of Hoa Lu was about 300 hectares wide, including the Outer Citadel, the Inner Citadel and the Southern Citadel, surrounded by a series of arched stone nuns, majestic landscapes, the gap between the mountain slopes was built with clay bricks, feet. The citadel has bundles of bricks and is covered with 8-10 meters high.

The Outer Citadel is about 140 hectares wide in the territory of Yen Thanh village,…

The Outer Citadel is about 140 hectares wide in the territory of Yen Thanh village, Truong Yen commune. This is the main palace in which Dinh and Le temples are the center and is also the place where King Dinh Tien Hoang planted the flag to build the country. In front of the palace, there is Ma Yen mountain, it is said that King Dinh took this place as a judgment. The old HoaLu citadel consisted of two citadel located next to each other and an adjacent mountain area. 3 loops form a figure like the number 80 facing east.

According to the layout of Dinh Le period, the researchers divided it into 3 rounds: the East citadel, the West citadel and the South citadel. However, because the South citadel is only a dangerous military base area, defending the back, it is often referred to as Trang An citadel by folk, the other two citadel is where the palace is located, so it is also known as Hoa Lu citadel. By 1010, King Ly Thai To moved the capital to Thang Long, Hoa Lu near Tam Coc Ninh Binh was only an ancient capital, considered a very important military base of Dai Viet army and people under the dynasties: Ly-Tran-Le- Mac-Tay Son…..

To learn more about Tam Coc Ninh Binh, please contact with Nobletours.net./.

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