The story of the ‘queen of two dynasties’ Duong Van Nga

Duong Van Nga was the queen of two emperors at the beginning of the country’s founding in Vietnamese history – Dinh Tien Hoang and Le Dai Hanh. She played a particularly important role in the transfer of power from the Dinh Dynasty to the Former Le Dynasty

In 968, after finishing the “rebellion of 12 warlords” and unifying the country, Dinh Bo Linh ascended the throne, took the title Dai Thang Minh Emperor, established the capital in Hoa Lu near Tam Coc Ninh Binh, named the country Dai Co Viet, took the era name Thai Binh.

In 979, Dinh Bo Linh and Prince Dinh Lien were killed by the eunuch Do Thich. The court worshiped Ve Vuong Dinh Toan to the throne, and honored Duong Van Nga as the Empress Dowager. Ten Generals Le Hoan was chosen by Queen Mother Duong to be Regent, then proclaimed himself Vice Vuong.

In 980, in the face of the threat of invasion by the Song army, Queen Duong and her courtiers honored Le Hoan as Emperor, establishing the Former Le Dynasty. In 982, Le Dai Hanh ordained Duong Van Nga as Dai Thang Minh Empress. The official history does not say how many children the two had, but according to the legends in the ancient capital of Hoa Lu near Tam Coc Ninh Binh, they had a daughter named Le Thi Phat Ngan. Later, Princess Phat Ngan was married to Dien, commander of the envoy Ly Cong Uan – who started the Ly dynasty

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