The low-pitched sound emanating from the traditional drum, the jingling sound of carvings from the houses doing silver carving, or the chatter and laughter of the girls and the Red Dao ethnic sisters sitting around doing embroidery on the front porch… are familiar images and sounds when coming to the tourist villages of the Red Dao people in Sapa Vietnam. The Red Dao are one of five ethnic groups living in Sapa townThe Dao are an ethnic group with a long history of development, with rich cultural treasures, and traditional customs are still preserved and developed. Besides, traditional crafts are also maintained to serve daily life, beliefs and religions, as well as create unique products for tourists.
Referring to the traditional profession of the Red Dao people…
Referring to the traditional profession of the Red Dao people in Sapa Vietnam, there is a traditional drum-making profession in Ta Phin commune, which is loved by many domestic and foreign tourists. Recently, the traditional drum making of the Red Dao people has been recognized by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism as a national intangible cultural heritage. For the Red Dao people, drums are used in many events such as weddings, funerals, ceremonies, etc. The drum sound is understood as a signal connecting the yang realm with the negative realm, with the gods, signaling to the ancestors important things going on in the family.
The traditional drum making…
The traditional drum making of the Red Dao people in Sapa requires workers to have skillful techniques and experience. Like many other types of drums, the drum surface is made from buffalo skin, cowhide but has a moderate thickness, if it is too thick, it must be thinned to be used. Other types of drums are usually nailed to pin the skin to the drum, but the Dao people here use rattan rope to fix it. The rattan fibers are fixed to the skin on both sides of the drum, then crisscross each other to keep the drum face tight.
In particular, the Dao’s drums also have wood chips all around the drum, both for decoration and to stretch the drum surface after a long time of use. In addition to the techniques from skillful hands, the drummer also needs to have good listening ability and experience in order to create drums with deep, resonant sounds, but standing close without being jarring. Today, besides producing to serve in their ethnic ceremonies, the Dao people in Sapa Vietnam have produced drums of different sizes, more beautiful to make decorations according to orders, contributing to improving life.
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